Silver Plated - The cufflinks are made from a base metal alloy, the silver plating is applied in an electrical process.
Sterling Silver - The composition of the cufflink is at least 92.5% pure silver, Sterling is an alloy, usually a mixture of 7.5% copper and 92.5% silver. This is the highest silver content found in jewellery.
Vermeil - Sterling silver base with gold plating applied. Vermeil is higher value than sterling silver alone or regular gold plating. The technique is ancient and often seen in artifacts from the middle ages, the Gold is used to prevent tarnishing of the silver.
Nickel Plated - A thin coating nickel on base metal. Nickel plating provides a bright, shiny surface that is corrosion-free, and generally resistant to wear and corrosion.
Gold Plated - A thin coating of gold electro or mechanically plated onto base metal.
Rhodium Plated - A metal with a whitish gray appearance. Rhodium is typically applied to sterling silver items to reduce tarnishing through an electroplating process.
Hallmarked Sterling Silver - A hallmark is a small stamped mark on gold, silver and platinum articles normally in an out of sight place, which guarantees the quality of the metal. This is a predominantly British practice. A symbol is used to identify the assay office, the anchor being Birmingham
Whale back closure - The best combination of ease of use and elegance. A straight post combined with a flat, solid whale tail that flips flat to insert, and flips back in place to secure the cuff. Typically requires great workmanship and judicious use of material.
Bullet back closure - The most common and easy to put on. This style has a torpedo, or bullet shaped, capsule that is suspended between two posts. The bullet can be flipped on its axis to manipulate it through the button holes in the cuff, and then flipped to secure the cufflink on the shirt.
Fixed Backing - The backing and face of the cufflink are all made in one part. Typically more difficult to use this type benefits from having no moving parts. Very stylish in the modern context.
Chain Link - The most traditional form of cufflink manufacture once considered to be the height of style and sophistication as the chains had to be hand made chain cufflinks are typically an english style. The front and back part of the cufflink can be identical or indeed different variations of the same style and can sometimes be worn either way around. Very difficult to use they are for the expert and more dextrous, they can allow a looser cuff.
Reversible - Fixed back cufflinks with a design on the back as well as the front enabling the wearer to switch what is shown on the main side of the cuff, like having 2 pairs in one.
Ball Return - Also held together with a chain, they give the benefit of a looser fitting cuff but the ball is both stylish and easy to put on.
Quartz - One of the most common minerals on the earth, quartz comes in a wide array of colours and forms. Quartz is very popular in jewellery and for collectors.
Onyx- A banded variety of chalcedony, onyx comes in both white and black. Some onyx is natural, but most is caused by staining the agate.
Mother of Pearl - Also known as Nacre, mother of pearl is a naturally occurring inorganic-organic composite. It has an iridescent appearance due to its thick aragonite palates. Mother of pearl is extremely popular in jewellery thanks to exquisite look and every piece is unique.
Citrine - Any quartz crystal that is yellow or orange in colour. Heat treatment is often used to exaggerate the orange hue.
Garnet - Formed naturally in the earth's crust by extreme pressure and temperature garnet gems are extremely durable and renowned for there extravagant lustre. Mostly reddish in colour but there is a wide variety of brilliant colours.
Topaz - Typically golden brown or yellowish colour, topaz is a much more valuable & rare version of citrine. It's crystalline structure and colour radiance makes Topaz very popular in jewellery and is often passed down through family generations.
Amethyst - A purple quartz crystal that is an extremely popular gemstone in shades of purple and many sizes. The Greeks named it such for its wine-like colour & unparalleled beauty.
Turquoise - Mined for thousands of years it continues to grow in popularity thanks to stunning blue colour & rarity, possibly the rarest of minerals.
Abalone - Sea diving for abalone shells is a popular pastime across the world, it's colour fraction and variety make it very popular.
Carnelian - A reddish form of chalcedony, carnelian has a waxy lustre and gets it's name from being “flesh red”.
Sodilite - An incredibly scarce mineral known for its sodium content, sodilite is one of the purest blue gemstones in the world. In addition to its luminous blue colour, it is extremely translucent.
Tiger’s Eye - Tiger’s eye is known for its yellow & brown colours & silky lustre. A common member of the quartz family it is very popular.
Malachite - A truly unique banded green colour, malachite is one of the worlds most beautiful and recognisable minerals, it's name coming from mallow-green stone.
Jade - Found in two different mineral forms, jade is well known for its emerald green colour and toughness. It is stronger than steel and used to be used in tools and weapons.
Hematite - The mineral form of iron oxide, it has a reddish colour caused by powder in the minerals. Hematite minerals are very rare & often collected for their uniqueness.
Chalcedony - Commonly found in a gray or black shade, chalcedony is a form of mineral quartz that has a very waxy lustre, it's soluble & very fine so can be moulded